Author Archives: Dr. Joanna Starrels

What are the Short-Term and Long-Term Side Effects of Valium Addiction?

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valium addictionValium is prescribed to treat anxiety disorders and it belongs to a class of medications called as benzodiazepines. The drug works to affect the chemicals in the brain that could be unbalanced in people who have been affected by anxiety conditions. It can also treat symptoms of alcohol withdrawal and muscle spasms. The drug is sometimes used in combination with other meds for treating seizures.

This med is a very popular hypnotic and is the most widely prescribed to buy valium online for treating anxiety effectively. the drug produces certain sedative effects in the body upon consumption. It can also help to overcome insomnia. Though the drug has numerous benefits, it also comes up with various harmful effects. There are chances that one could misuse or abuse the drug. Due to its anti-convulsing and anti-anxiety properties, the drug is often prescribed for a short-term period.

The medicine has become a popular substance like the many other benzodiazepine class meds, especially for those seeking to get a high result of the depressant effects. A lot of abusers happen to take this med either along with alcohol or with other substances. Valium abuse happens when a user

  • Takes frequent doses than what is prescribed:
  • Takes Valium in alternative methods like in the form of an injection or by crushing or snorting the medicine just to enhance its effects and to get high
  • Takes excess of medicine than required

Physical dependency to Valium can happen very quickly when a person abuses the drug. The dangers of abusing are very much real.

Short-term effects of Valium addiction

It reduces the activity in the nervous system. This includes the way the brain signals or communicates between various brain centres. When a person happens to abuse Valium, he or she might experience a high that includes euphoria, a feeling that you are drunk or even lack of coordination. Upon getting Valium high, there can possibly be a period of withdrawal which can be experienced in the form of a comedown or a crash.

This mellow feeling slowly disappears as the brain rebounds and improves from its drugged state and also produces other undesirable effects like fever, irritation, rapid heart rate, seizures, depression, anxiety or stomach cramps.

Most of the addicts counteract more with this drug or some other drug to slow down the body and once again produce a sluggish or a happy feeling. One of the potential dangers of taking this med is that the body quickly gets Valium addiction which in turn makes it harder and harder for a person to reach the euphoric effect with the same level of the drug taken initially. The body will be requiring more of Valium pills in the future to reach the euphoric effects one desires.

Long-term effects of valium addiction

  • Decreased respiratory rate
  • Delayed reflexes
  • Trouble to urinate
  • Nausea
  • Dry mouth
  • Changes in heart rate or rhythm
  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Decreased memory considerations
  • Changes in appetite
  • Coma
  • Heart attack
  • Hallucinations

Buy Valium online to save money on your prescription and receive your Valium in the mail

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Buy valiumBuy Valium online to save money on your prescription for people who are suffering from Anxiety.  Anxiety is a common condition with many people. Most of us feel anxious in our life at some of the stressful moments that happen to us. The anti-anxiety med works tremendously well in suppressing the agitated nerves of a person and soothing his anxiety.

Purchasing Valium pills over the online medium is just a piece of cake. You can log in any reputed online pharmacy and place the drug order in the required quantity. You can then pay for the drug that you ordered along with furnishing your location for the drug to be delivered. The medication will be out for delivery the same moment and you will receive your meds within the estimated time. You will receive Valium overnight in the mail when you order over trustworthy online drugstores.

You can order genuine Valium from Canadian pharmacies for obtaining an authentic and high-quality drug. You can procure the drug from the comfort of your home with just few mouse clicks. The drug will be door delivered to you and you do not have to move out of your place in search of the med. By ordering Valium online, you not only save time but also save handsome money. You can save enough money on your prescription by choosing to procure the med from online pharmacies. Consulting a doctor for prescription; charges you more but by ordering the drug online, you happen to reduce the Valium cost of the prescription. But now you can buy Valium online to save money on your prescription and receive your drug in the mail in the shortest time.

Anxiety disorder

We might get nervous when speaking on the dais for the first time, when going on a date or going for a new expedition, etc. But this anxiousness is dangerous when it anxiety disorderbecomes very severe and can interfere with your everyday life. It is important that people become aware of anxiety disorder and treat it at the earliest if they are afflicted with anxiety. Taking medical treatment would help to relieve anxiety to a great extent.

Valium for anxiety works tremendously well in suppressing the agitated nerves of a person and soothing. Procuring the drug online can be the best option for you when you are in distress. Whether you are taking Valium for alcohol withdrawal symptoms, anxiety disorder, and muscle spasms you would be happy if you are able to get the drug in the easiest way. That is why choosing to shop the drug from online can be very helpful to you.

 What is Valium?

Valium is the brand name of diazepam and belongs to a class of meds called as benzodiazepines. The drug is known to initiate its action by affecting the chemicals in the brain that could be unbalanced in people who are affected by anxiety. the drug, along with treating anxiety disorders, can also effectively curb withdrawal symptoms of alcohol and also treat muscle spasms equally well. One might have to take Valium more than one time per day to treat their respective ailment because of which many people are not able to afford the drug.


Phobias & Fears

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Having fears and phobias to some things are the innate part of human life.

Most of the time phobias and fears are considered to be interrelated to one another and sometimes considered as the same.

But actually, phobias and fears are different in some aspects.

Fear is a normal human reaction when there is a threat of danger, evil, pain, and the like, most especially when one dismay to meet or experience the danger.

It is usually a response to a particular stimulus. For example, one person may experience fear or freeze when put face to face to a spider or snake.

While on the other hand, phobias are excessive fears of human beings. A Phobia is already considered as a disorder thus making it different from fear. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive, unreasonable desire to avoid the feared subject.

Phobias are the most common among the different types of anxiety disorders. Actually, they are the most common psychological disorder among women and second most common disorder among men (over 25 years old). According to research, 7.8% of American adults suffer from this disorder.

Even though it is normal and even helpful to experience fear in dangerous times, with phobias the danger is greatly overstated or anticipated. For example, it is only natural to be afraid of a scowling Bulldog, but it is unreasonable to freeze (because of fear) or be horrified of a friendly Chihuahua dog on a leash, as you might be if you have a Cynophobia or fear dogs or rabies.

Fears become alarming when they are continual and are already affecting harshly your daily functioning. When a fear reaches this level of intensity and this severe, it is often already considered as a phobia.

  • Situational phobias. Situational phobias are fears triggered by a specific situation. Examples include fear of enclosed spaces (claustrophobia), fear of elevators, fear of flying, fear of dentists, fear of tunnels, fear of driving, and fear of bridges.
  • Animal phobias. Animal phobias are fears caused by an insects or animals. Examples include fear of rodents, fear of snakes, fear of spiders, and fear of dogs.
  • Natural environment phobias. Natural environment phobias are fears cued by objects found in nature. Examples include fear of storms, fear of water, fear of heights, and fear of the dark.
  • Blood-Injection-Injury phobias. Blood-injection-injury phobia involves fear of blood, fear or injury, or a fear of shots or another medical procedure.


  • Ablutophobia – Fear of washing and bathing.
  • Achluophobia – Fear of darkness.
  • Agoraphobia – Fear of experiencing a difficult or embarrassing situation from which the sufferer cannot escape.
  • Arachnophobia – Fear of spiders.
  • Atomosophobia – Fear of atomic explosions.
  • Atychiphobia – Fear of failure.
  • Aviophobia or Aviatophobia – Fear of flying.
  • Bathophobia – Fear of depth.
  • Batophobia – Fear of heights or being close to high buildings.
  • Belonephobia – Fear of pins and needles. (Aichmophobia)
  • Claustrophobia – Fear of enclosed or confined spaces.
  • Cleithrophobia or Cleisiophobia – Fear of being locked in an enclosed place.
  • Cynophobia – Fear of dogs or rabies
  • Demophobia – Fear of crowds. (Agoraphobia)
  • Eosophobia – Fear of dawn or daylight.
  • Glossophobia – Fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak.
  • Hemophobia, Hemaphobia or Hematophobia – Fear of blood.
  • Herpetophobia – Fear of reptiles or creepy, crawly things.
  • Hoplophobia – Fear of firearms.
  • Hypsiphobia – Fear of height.
  • Nyctophobia – Fear of the darkness or of night.
  • Phasmophobia – Fear of ghosts.
  • Phobophobia – Fear of phobias.
  • Scoleciphobia – Fear of worms.
  • Snakephobia – Fear of snakes. (Ophidiophobia)
  • Suriphobia – Fear of mice.
  • Tachophobia – Fear of speed.
  • Tonitrophobia – Fear of thunder.

Most common treatments for Phobias are the following:

  • Systematic desensitization or exposure therapy. It is the most used form of therapy for the treatment of phobias. It is a type of cognitive behavioural therapy. In this therapy, you are exposed in a safe way to the object or condition you fear. For example, if you have a snake phobia, you would first imagine seeing a snake, then view photos of a snake, and finally look at a snake in real life. In this way, you will be able to gradually get out of your fears.
  • Medication is not usually used in treating phobias. However, benzodiazepines or beta-blockers are sometimes recommended. If taken before a session, these medications will help you relax enough to undergo exposure or systematic desensitization treatment.
  • Other treatments include: hypnotherapy, group exposure therapy and virtual reality exposure therapy. These treatments could also be best in the treatment of phobias. These could lessen patients’ fears and phobias through exposure and modelling techniques.

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the common mental health disorders of today. In fact, about 3.3 million of adult Americans are afflicted by this.

But what is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder all about? Does an individual’s way of life change when troubled by this?

The answer is a big YES! Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) if already severe may really affect a person’s well being and day-to-day life.

It is an anxiety disorder caused by anxious unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and repeated rituals (compulsions) you can not control.

It is a serious kind of disorder that may distress your schoolwork, employment, or personal and social relationships if not treated immediately.

A certain research shows that OCD most likely appears to people ageing 15 years old and the second peak of incidence occurs during the third decade of life. Its severity varies to many patients, but if once acquired, OCD may appear throughout life.

However, at present, the exact cause of OCD is still unknown to everyone. Some medical researchers suggest that OCD may be inherited. The chemical imbalance in the brain is also said to be a possible cause.

Having shortage of serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter in a person’s brain and so many obsessions at the same time can also cause OCD. Stress has also been linked to OCD. Some people say that when a person’s life is consumed by stress, they are more likely to develop this disorder.

Having inappropriate recurring, persisting thoughts, impulses or images into your mind more often actually leads to obsessions. In order to overcome these obsessions, a person with OCD tends to do repeated rituals or actions which are called compulsions.

Marked distress and anxiety are the often the primary symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Behaviors have done often such as securing the oven hand washing, checking, or cleaning are often performed with the hope of preventing obsessive or unwelcome thoughts and making them go away.

  • Repetitious mental activity, such as counting or praying.
  • Repeated checking of doors, locks, electrical appliances, or light switches.
  • Strict attempts to keep things in careful order.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder has no exact cure. However, there are several types of treatments for OCD.

  • Psychotherapy and Counseling
    Research shows that we now have improved therapies that can help most people with OCD and other anxiety disorders. Thus, leading them to more productive fulfilling lives. Response prevention therapy keeps the person from acting on his/her obsessions and compulsions. Counseling a person with OCD regarding his obsessions can make him understand later on that it is only more on of a state of mind.
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy
    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is sometimes helpful in individuals with severe primary depression and secondary obsessions. It is also known as electroshock. It is most often used as a treatment for severe major depression which has not responded to other treatment.
  • Pharmacotherapy
    At present, a wide variety of medication is available to treat OCD. Luvox (fluvoxamine), Anafranil (clomipramine), Prozac (fluoxetine), and Paxil (paroxetine), are the sample drug medications. These medications can help lessen obsessive thinking and the consequent compulsive behaviours.

Social Anxiety Disorder

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Social phobia, also called social anxiety disorder, is diagnosed when people become overwhelmingly anxious and excessively self-conscious in everyday social situations.

People with social phobia have an intense, persistent, and chronic fear of being watched and judged by others and of doing things that will embarrass them.

They can worry for days or weeks before a dreaded situation. This fear may become so severe that it interferes with work, school, and other ordinary activities, and can make it hard to make and keep friends.

While many people with social phobia realize that their fears about being with people are excessive or unreasonable, they are unable to overcome them.

Even if they manage to confront their fears and be around others, they are usually very anxious beforehand, are intensely uncomfortable throughout the encounter, and worry about how they were judged for hours afterwards.

Social phobia can be limited to one situation (such as talking to people, eating or drinking, or writing on a blackboard in front of others) or may be so broad (such as in generalized social phobia) that the person experiences anxiety around almost anyone other than the family.

Physical symptoms that often accompany social phobia include blushing, profuse sweating, trembling, nausea, and difficulty talking. When these symptoms occur, people with PTSD feel as though all eyes are focused on them.

Social phobia affects about 15 million American adults. Women and men are equally likely to develop the disorder, which usually begins in childhood or early adolescence. There is some evidence that genetic factors are involved. The disorder is often accompanied by other anxiety disorders or depression, and substance abuse may develop if people try to self-medicate their anxiety.

Social phobia can be successfully treated with certain kinds of psychotherapy or medications.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

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Generalized Anxiety disorder Staying worried for a long time is the usual scenario for people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

They tend to worry about things that are not so important and special. They also have aches and pains for no reason and feel tired all day long.

The body’s reaction to an anticipated or imagined danger or threatening situation is called anxiety. Most people experience it before or after a distressing event. And having an anxiety is not always a negative thing. Actually, it is just normal.

Thus, to some people, their anxieties serves as their motivation to give their very best to whatever they do. But people with severe anxieties must already be alarmed, for it is not just a plain normal feeling but already a disorder that must be given much attention and cure.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry about everyday things, which is uneven to the actual source of worry.

Generalized anxiety disorder occurs when normal levels of anxiety become severe, ruin everyday activities, and persevere over more than a few months. People with this kind of disorder do not live a normal life. They keep on dwelling things and worry over and over again, leaving them tired and exhausted.

This disorder affects 3 to 4 percent of the population, with women twice as likely to be affected as men. Does this mean women are likely more worrier than men? According to medical researchers, the answer is still unknown. Its indications tend to vary to individuals and gender does not matter at all.

According to the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH), people who anticipate danger a lot and are too troubled about health issues, family problems, money, or difficulties at work are more likely to obtain Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). And doctors have also identified a variety of experiential, biological, environmental, psychological and cultural factors to be at some cause.

People with GAD cannot seem to turn off their worries and eventually cannot easily get out of the disorder.

Symptoms of GAD in most patients are most evident in their psychological, physical and behavioural aspects. Here are some of its symptoms:

  • Restlessness and inability to relax
  • Never-ending worry about events
  • Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Trembling
  • Problems with stomach as nausea or diarrhoea
  • Irritability
  • Chest pains or headaches
  • Procrastination

Medication with a combination of therapy is said to be a good way to treat generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) examines distortions in our ways of looking at the world and ourselves. It aims to change and diminish those negative thoughts before they trigger psychological difficulties because they believe that negative thoughts lead to negative feelings and emotions.

Medicated drugs can also be recommended to people with GAD. Possible drugs are: Buspirone, Benzodiazepines, and other antidepressants.

People with GAD must remember that anxieties are just more of a state of mind. These therapies and medications could be of great help, but above all else, help should start first with us. It is the most important thing in order for us to achieve a better self and a better life. Hence, the change should always start in our inner selves after all.

Separation Anxiety

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separation anxietyHave you ever heard of separation anxiety? Well if not, it’s not surprising as for sure there’s a lot out there that are also unaware of it.

Separation anxiety is a not so common yet a very serious anxiety disorder that affects children and young adolescents. Essentially, this anxiety results from separation or impending separation from the child’s attachment to his close family member, caretaker or the like. Normally, this affects an individual over a period of at least 4 weeks.


Symptoms of separation anxiety disorder normally may include the following:

  • Subjective feeling of anxiety
  • Psychosomatic symptoms like headache, heart palpitations, lightheadedness, nausea, stomachache,
    cramps, vomiting, and muscle aches
  • Impossible worries about the safety of loved ones
  • Unwilling to fall asleep if not near the primary attachment figure
  • Unreasonable depression like tantrums; if separation from the primary attachment figure is near
  • Nightmares in relation to the pending separation
  • Homesickness

Love and guidance from parents or from other close people around the individual with separation anxiety is actually considered as the best treatment of all. Family member/s, school staff, and primary care physician around should design a plan to help the individual with separation anxiety realize that separation is a normal part of life and it’s not always a pure negative stuff.

Over the years, this therapy, the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, has been shown to be effective, especially in helping the child or adolescent return to normal daily function. This therapy may take some time but it’s really worth it.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

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Post-Traumatic Stress DisorderAre you experiencing unusual intense fear, helplessness or untoward guilt lately? If so, you might be undergoing a Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Basically, a Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or also known as PTSD is a condition characterized by intense fear, helplessness, guilt or sometimes an afraid feeling (very common among children). Normally, PTSD is said to be from an exposure to extreme trauma or events like physical abuse, rape, an aeroplane or car crash, war or the like.

The Common Symptoms of PTSD

The common symptoms or signs on the other hand, typically start within three months of a traumatic event or sometimes in some cases may not occur until years after the event. Usually, the symptoms may include:

  • Lack of concentration
  • Being easily frightened or startled
  • Unlikely shame or guilt
  • Nightmares, particularly about the traumatic event that have happened before
  • In denial feeling about the traumatic event
  • Emotionally numb
  • Anger or irritability
  • Loss of hope about the future
  • Sleeping and memory problems
  • Poor and unhealthy relationships with others
  • Divert attention to things that you don’t enjoy at first
  • Self-destructive behavior, like drinking or drug addiction
  • Flashbacks, or remembering the traumatic event for minutes or even days sometimes

Treatments for PTSD

Treatments for PTSD would normally include the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Exposure Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and medications.

In cognitive therapy, your therapist will help you understand and change how you think about your trauma and let you understand how particular thoughts about your trauma cause you stress and make your symptoms worse.

In exposure therapy, you will also have a therapist that will guide you all throughout. He/she will regularly converse with you about your trauma so you’ll get to learn how to control your thoughts and feelings about the trauma. Nonetheless, you’ll learn that you do not have to be afraid of your memories as they just from the past.

While Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing or EMDR on the other hand, is a fairly new therapy for PTSD. Just like some other kinds of therapy, this can also help change how you react to memories of your trauma and eventually overcome all of them and live a better life.

In terms of the medications that will most likely be prescribed to you, there’s no problem as there is a wide range of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors or SSRIs nowadays.

SSRIs are a type of antidepressant medicine that can really help you feel less sad and bothered. Essentially, SSRIs include sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa), fluoxetine (such as Prozac), and paroxetine (Paxil).

Panic Disorder

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panic anxiety disorderExperiencing some heavy heart palpitations with great fear or feeling of unreality?

You might be having a panic disorder then.

Panic disorder is very common nowadays most especially in women.

They normally victimize individuals of all ages.

Usually, they appear spontaneously, seemingly out-of-the-blue and reaches a peak within a few minutes.

More often than not, they occur unexpectedly, sometimes what’s worst – even during sleep.

Oftentimes, they occur with some other mental and physical disorders, just like asthma, other anxiety disorders, depression, substance abuse or irritable bowel syndrome.

General Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a panic disorder normally last for quite some time and may actually include:

  • Pain or discomfort in chest
  • The desire to escape
  • Heat flush or chills
  • Heavy heart palpitations
  • Trembling
  • Shortness of breath
  • A feeling of suffocation
  • Heavy sweating
  • A feeling of choking
  • Abdominal discomfort or sometimes nausea
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Unreality or depersonalization
  • Fear of going crazy or losing control
  • Fear of dying
  • Tingling sensation within

Possible Treatments

Possible treatments for a panic disorder can consist of taking a medication to adjust the chemicals in your body or a therapy like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with a psychotherapist that will help you gain more control over your anxieties.


There are actually some types of medication that can alter the ways chemicals interact in the brain that can eventually reduce or prevent panic attacks and decrease anxiety as well. The notable ones are from the family of the antidepressants and benzodiazepines. However, every medication works differently. Some work instantly while others more gradually. Hence, it is important that you always ask a specialist for some advice to make sure everything is gonna be fine.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or also called as CBT considerably teaches you to anticipate and prepare yourself for the conditions and bodily sensations that may cause some panic disorder. Normally, CBT helps you identify the thinking patterns that lead you to misinterpret sensations and assume that there is something bad to happen. Not only that, CBT will also teach you some breathing exercises that can calm you and eventually can prevent the hyperventilation or shortness of breath during an attack.

In general, CBT can already really help, but sometimes for it to be really effective, it should be with a medication like an antidepressant

Derealization & Depersonalization

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Type of anxiety disorderDerealization and depersonalization are two of the most common anxiety disorder and terms that are oftentimes interchanged in meaning and sometimes even in usage.

But how can you actually know if it’s a derealization or depersonalization already?

Basically, derealization is a change in an individual’s experience of the environment, where the world around him/her feels or seems unfamiliar and unreal.

Normally, the terms commonly used to describe derealization are: spaciness, a sensory fog, spaced-out, being trapped in a glass bell jar, in a Disney-world or fancy dream state, withdrawn, or sometimes in a world with a thick glass as walls.

Depersonalization, on the other hand, is a change in a person’s self-awareness such as the feeling of detachment from his own experience, with the self, the body and mind. Oftentimes, the terms commonly used to describe depersonalization are: divorced from oneself, unreal, disembodied, apart from everything, robot-like, acting a part, and not doing one’s own thinking.

Causes of Derealization and Depersonalization

At present, derealization and depersonalization are said to have emerged because of some factors like: lack of sleep, sensory deprivation, stress, different psychiatric and organic disorders, meditative techniques, as well as acute ingestion of hallucinogens.

Derealization and Depersonalization Against Reboxetine

According to some studies and research, there are actually been a high variety of factors that have contributed in the emergence of depersonalization and derealization episodes, such as the various drugs that were developed.

In fact, there was a reported case of two applications of reboxetine (a selective and specific norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) to a 50-year old woman treated for a major depressive episode that instead to lessen her discomfort have actually worsened the situation or condition leading to some unreal or unattached feeling.

What more, after the discontinuation of reboxetine, the woman’s condition have become much better. Thus implying that reboxetine can actually sometimes worsen somebody’s condition.