Experiencing some heavy heart palpitations with great fear or feeling of unreality?
You might be having a panic disorder then.
Panic disorder is very common nowadays most especially in women.
They normally victimize individuals of all ages.
Usually, they appear spontaneously, seemingly out-of-the-blue and reaches a peak within a few minutes.
More often than not, they occur unexpectedly, sometimes what’s worst – even during sleep.
Oftentimes, they occur with some other mental and physical disorders, just like asthma, other anxiety disorders, depression, substance abuse or irritable bowel syndrome.
Signs and symptoms of a panic disorder normally last for quite some time and may actually include:
- Pain or discomfort in chest
- The desire to escape
- Heat flush or chills
- Heavy heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- A feeling of suffocation
- Heavy sweating
- A feeling of choking
- Abdominal discomfort or sometimes nausea
- Lightheadedness or dizziness
- Unreality or depersonalization
- Fear of going crazy or losing control
- Fear of dying
- Tingling sensation within
Possible treatments for a panic disorder can consist of taking a medication to adjust the chemicals in your body or a therapy like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with a psychotherapist that will help you gain more control over your anxieties.
There are actually some types of medication that can alter the ways chemicals interact in the brain that can eventually reduce or prevent panic attacks and decrease anxiety as well. The notable ones are from the family of the antidepressants and benzodiazepines. However, every medication works differently. Some work instantly while others more gradually. Hence, it is important that you always ask a specialist for some advice to make sure everything is gonna be fine.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or also called as CBT considerably teaches you to anticipate and prepare yourself for the conditions and bodily sensations that may cause some panic disorder. Normally, CBT helps you identify the thinking patterns that lead you to misinterpret sensations and assume that there is something bad to happen. Not only that, CBT will also teach you some breathing exercises that can calm you and eventually can prevent the hyperventilation or shortness of breath during an attack.
In general, CBT can already really help, but sometimes for it to be really effective, it should be with a medication like an antidepressant